list 10 nutritional deficiency diseases

They work synergestically together. Vitamins are essential to health and growth, and prevention and cure of diseases. It can also lead to gastrointestinal issues (22). Deficiency diseases are commonly associated with chronic malnutrition. Micronutrients in health and disease, Postgraduate Medical Journal, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Deficiency of vitamin D and calcium leads to unhealthy soft and brittle bones that are prone to fracture and defects in the spine structures. Other sources include spinach, peanuts, and brown rice. The amount of nutrients ingested exceeds that which is required for normal health and metabolism. Three ounces of cooked and fried oysters contains 74 milligrams of zinc, meeting 493% of the daily requirement. Deficiency Diseases and Malnutrition – GK Notes in PDF As per The World Bank’s estimate, India has one of the highest number of children in the world suffering from malnutrition. Other symptoms can include depression and confusion (21). Here are a few of the most common malnutrition diseases that can be caused by a … Nutritional disorders are a serious and often underrecognized consequence of many chronic diseases. In 2010 protein-energy malnutrition resulted in 600,000 deaths down from 883,000 deaths in 1990. Difficulty: Easy. But it may happen through supplements if you are not careful. The deficiency of these substances or elements causes many nutritional diseases in human beings. Iodine is essential for normal cell metabolism in body. Night blindness is caused due to deficiency in vitamin A, Vitamin A is responsible for growth of retina and cell membranes. It is absorbed through the liver, so alcoholics might eat enough of it but be unable to use it. Hypothyroidism, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Learn to recognize the most common deficiencies. Please stick to the dosage suggested by your nutritionist or healthcare provider. List of 7 major Nutritional Diseases Beef liver is another great source – 3 ounces of pan-fried liver offers 22,175 IU of vitamin A, meeting 444% of the daily requirement (16). Make sure you check the labels. Rickets: Vitamin D deficiency with calcium and potassium in the body causes rickets. Take this quiz to see what you know about nutritional deficiency diseases. He considers himself a sculptor born to chip away at content and reveal its dormant splendor. But if your lifestyle doesn’t allow you access to good nutrition at all times, you may use dietary supplements as they might be effective. It is important to note that the manufacturing of dietary supplements is not monitored by the government in the way the manufacturing of pharmaceutical drugs is (41). B-complex is a combination of B vitamins. Iodine deficiency is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies, affecting nearly a third of the world’s population (9, 10, 11). 10 Easy Ways to Prevent Nutritional Deficiencies By Dr. Susan Maples We all know that a proper diet and regular exercise are important for optimal health, but if you're leaving out key ingredients in your foods, like magnesium or iron, you might be suffering from a nutritional deficiency. Symptoms include weakness, difficulty in concentrating, and shortness of breath. Hypocalcemia: diagnosis and treatment, National Center for Biotechnology Information. We have discussed the risk factors for each of the deficiencies. Individuals at risk of calcium deficiency include postmenopausal women, individuals with lactose intolerance, and vegetarians (33). If you have Celiac disease, your body can become deficient in iron. Deficiency Diseases 2. Children’s early eating habits can carry on into adulthood. But on a general level, there are subgroups in our population that are at higher risk. Half a cup of boiled spinach contains 3 milligrams of iron, meeting 17% of the daily requirement (10). The richest sources of heme iron are lean meat and seafood. This condition is characterized by diarrhea, dementia, and sun-sensitive dermatitis. You must consult your healthcare provider or a certified nutritionist for the dosages not everyone would need the same dose of supplements. You may have vitamin C deficiency if you experience the following symptoms (23): The primary cause of scurvy is the inadequate intake of vitamin C. Individuals at high risk include people who addicted to alcohol and smoking, those on a poor diet, and those having severe mental illness. If this is prolonged, it can lead to dangers. He started his career as a research writer, primarily focusing on health and wellness, and has over 250 articles to his credit. Vitamin D, National Institutes of Health. Depression/Anxiety. Our diets are not what they should be. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders, and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes mellitus. Micronutrient facts, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Skin findings associated with nutritional deficiencies, Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. Following is the list of a few minerals along with the deficiency diseases associated with them: Iodine. The most common symptoms of this disease are, red spots, nerve degeneration, altered muscle coordination and other cardiovascular diseases. However, do keep in mind that beta-carotene supplements have been associated with an increased risk of certain cancers (15). Nutritional deficiencies, if ignored, can lead to life-threatening complications. If you are not eating a variety of nutritious foods, it is time to start now. These symptoms may include fatigue, paler skin, sleepiness, breathing troubles, heart palpitations, poor concentration, tingling or numbness in the joints, hair loss, and lightheadedness. Sources of non-heme iron include nuts, beans, and vegetables (especially spinach) (10). https://www.thelancet.com/article/S0140-6736(19)30041-8/fulltext, https://cspinet.org/eating-healthy/why-good-nutrition-important, https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/micronutrient-malnutrition/micronutrients/index.html, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3913300, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2585731/, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000584.htm, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/10409239509085142, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26309349, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9460807, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-HealthProfessional/#h3, https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/hypothyroidism, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK230108/, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional/, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-HealthProfessional/, https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/nutritional-disorders/vitamin-deficiency,-dependency,-and-toxicity/vitamin-a-deficiency, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminA-HealthProfessional/, https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/vitamin-deficiency-diagnosis-treatment, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Thiamin-HealthProfessional/, https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/niacin, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Biotin-Consumer/, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminB12-Consumer/, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Folate-HealthProfessional/, https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/nutritional-disorders/vitamin-deficiency,-dependency,-and-toxicity/vitamin-c-deficiency, https://www.mdedge.com/ccjm/article/114635/dermatology/skin-findings-associated-nutritional-deficiencies, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493187/, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2912737/, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional/, https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p841.html, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279022/, https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/hormonal-and-metabolic-disorders/electrolyte-balance/hypocalcemia-low-level-of-calcium-in-the-blood, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/calcium-healthprofessional/, https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/electrolyte-disorders/hypocalcemia, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional/, https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/hormonal-and-metabolic-disorders/electrolyte-balance/hypomagnesemia-low-level-of-magnesium-in-the-blood, https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/disorders-of-nutrition/minerals/zinc, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional/, https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/micronutrient-inadequacies/subpopulations-at-risk, https://ods.od.nih.gov/HealthInformation/DS_WhatYouNeedToKnow.aspx, https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/should-you-get-your-nutrients-from-food-or-from-supplements, https://sampson.ces.ncsu.edu/2018/09/overnutrition-and-undernutrition-of-nutrients/, https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/healthy_eating/index.html, https://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/features/nutrition-month/index.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Ffeatures%2Fnutritionmonth%2Findex.html. You may toss broccoli, potatoes, and slices of orange in your evening salad. Click here for additional information . Three ounces of pan-fried beef liver contains 5 milligrams of iron, which meets 28% of the daily requirement. Nutritional deficiency states are associated with social factors (war, poverty, famine, and food fads), medical illnesses with malabsorption (such as Crohn disease, cystic fibrosis, and after bariatric surgery), psychiatric illnesses (eating disorders, autism, alcoholism), and medications. Played 6,534 times. These vitamins and minerals are called micronutrients. Many minerals are essential for maintaining good health and it is possible to get most of them from balanced diet. Half a cup of boiled spinach offers 11,458 IU of vitamin A, and this meets 229% of the daily requirement (16). Excess alcohol intake and prolonged diarrhea may also cause magnesium deficiency (36). Vitamin D deficiency can also lead to hypocalcemia (32). Oral vitamin A could be a promising way of treating the deficiency, especially if the symptoms are severe or malabsorption is the cause. Some very common nutrient deficiencies include vitamin A, iodine, folate, and iron deficiencies, which can have devastating consequences. Most vitamins cannot be made by the body, and can only be obtained from food and supplements. Iron deficiency anemia in celiac disease, World Journal of Gastroenterology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. This is caused by lack of protein and energy in body. Vitamin A, National Institutes of Health. Rapture is characterized by weak, soft bones, curved legs, and bone deformations. A balanced diet provide those nutrients in your meal, if you fail to eat such nutritional food then it leads to deficiency of nutrients that may lead to certain diseases. Consult your Physician or a Qualified Health Professional on any matters regarding your health and well-being or on Any opinions expressed within this Website. Moreover, the 2015 Global Hunger Index Report ranked India 20th amongst leading countries with a serious hunger situation. Ravi Teja Tadimalla is an editor and a published author. You may have iron deficiency anemia if you experience the following symptoms (6): When your body doesn’t have enough iron to produce hemoglobin, you can develop iron deficiency anemia. Calcium-fortified orange juice is another good option. Even those who received radiation treatment to the thyroid, neck, or chest, are susceptible. 10 diseases Caused by Nutritional Deficiencies. You may also add powdered seaweed (called spirulina) to your evening smoothie. 6 Health Benefits of Corn & Nutrition facts, Effective Diet Plan To Lose Weight In 30 Days, 9 Best Hair Oils Of 2021 For Dry And Damaged Hair, 11 Best Hair Dryers Of 2021 For Frizzy Hair, 15 Best Non-Slip Neoprene Dumbbells With Reviews, Neem Oil For Hair: Benefits, How To Use, And Side Effects, 10 Best Weighted Blankets – Reviews And Buying Guide, 22 Best Benefits Of Oats For Skin, Hair, And Health, Zinc Deficiency - Causes, Symptoms, Diseases & Treatment, The Top 11 Nutrition Bars Available In India – 2020, Top 7 Nutrition Drinks In India (For A Healthy You), Iodine: 11 Health Benefits, Uses, Nutrition, And Possible Side Effects, Folic Acid: Benefits, Uses, Deficiency, And Side Effects, Parsley: 10 Potential Benefits And Uses, Nutrition, How To Make Tea, The 6 Powerful Benefits Of Fava Beans + An Incredible Recipe, Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances like ice or dirt, Scurvy (characterized by bleeding gums and opening of previously healed wounds), Individuals on restrictive diets (like a vegan or gluten-free diet), Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery, Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease, Patients who have undergone kidney dialysis, Individuals taking antibiotics, anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, diuretics, among others, If your child is under 12 months old, please avoid honey, unpasteurized foods or drinks, fortified cow’s milk, fruit juices, and sugary drinks (. 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