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japanese destroyers ww2

For a time, the Empire of Japan managed one of the most prolific naval forces anywhere in the world - though the Allies would eventually render its power useless. [29], These were very similar to the Hatsuharus but with a narrower and deeper hull and greater displacement (1,710 tons[21]). For example, the initial design provided for a sixfold torpedo tube bench (…), which was not retained later. But this time we had incorporated the advances made by the two previous lightened classes, so that the Asashio, much larger, kept their two quadruple tubes and again received a double turret, for three in all. So here is my Japanese version of the Flower class Corvette. They were similar to the Minekaze class, with an enlarged bridge and broader beam to compensate. The siting of some of the weaponry was poor. The four added ships were further developed, showing an evolution into the succeeding Asashios. [14], The eighteen Matsu class (松, "Pine Tree") were commissioned between April 1944 and January 1945. Some were camouflaged, like the Mutsuki above. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Data is revolutionizing the maritime industry, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Indian Navy deploys warhsips, divers to find missing pilot, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, PHOTO GALLERY #35: Bizhou, frigate of the People's Liberation Army Navy. At this stage in the war, the Allies were unaware of the range of the Type 93 torpedo (up to 40 km {25 sm}). This artillery of a particular kind was concentrated in 4 double turrets of pieces of 100 mm with long range and with fast fire. They displaced 770 tons standard and carried three 4.7 in (120 mm) guns and four 21 in (53 cm) torpedo tubes. In 1943-44, the losses in destroyers became so large that many were rearmed from their two 120-mm pieces. [25], The four Akatsuki class (暁, "Daybreak") were commissioned between August 1932 and March 1933. Japanese World War II destroyers included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦 kuchikukan?) A further six incomplete vessels were redesigned in the light of stability problems and eventually commissioned as Shiratsuyus. Despite the loss of one of the flotilla (Takanami), the Japanese launched a torpedo salvo to cover their withdrawal. They followed the Kamikaze of 1922-23, differed in their larger dimensions, and especially their armament of torpedo tubes of 610 mm instead of 533, giving them a firepower far superior to the ships of allied fleets. They had a lot of different jobs. 17 other ships will be built in less than 6 months under this first series. Their military value in 1941 was not comparable to that of the “special type” post-Fubuki destroyers, but they were nevertheless used as intensely as the Mutsuki who followed them. Zum Heranzoomen mit der Maus über das Bild fahren -Zum Vergrößern bitte anklicken. Aside from the usual changes arising from experience, serious design faults also came to light and naval treaties imposed restrictions. The Hamakaze was the first, in 1943, to receive a radar. This continued at an increasing rate through 1943 and 1944, with retro-fitting of existing and even older, pre-1922, vessels. The Japanese emphasis on fleet destroyers had neglected the need for large numbers of escort vessels to defend critical merchantmen, a need learnt by both the Royal Navy and the United States Navy in the Battle of the Atlantic. Ceded to UK September 1947. COUNTRIES. During night maneuvers off Mihogaseki Bight, JINTSU rams destroyer WARABI and receives heavy damage, losing a large section of her forefoot. DESTROYERS. They had 14 guns of 25 mm, the standard endowment at the time, and in June 1944, 18 to 24, plus 4 machine guns of 13 mm. This list also includes ships before the official founding of the Navy and some auxiliary ships used by the Army. Learn how your comment data is processed. The comparison was indeed very advantageous: the Shimakaze, with its 3200 tons at full load, claimed 6 pieces of 127 mm, and especially 15 torpedo tubes in three quintuple benches, unprecedented yet, all served by a phenomenal power for a destroyer, 75,000 hp. This account of the battle in which HMAS Perth and USS Houston were lost is a translation of the official Japanese proceedings. Down the Line explores the Japanese Destroyers from tiers 2 to 5, I talk about what they can be good at and what you need to protect. Japanese World War II destroyers included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦, kuchikukan?) [26], They also had the same design issues of stability and hull strength which were similarly corrected. This speed combined with a rather light construction despite the exceptional quality of the steel archipelago, largely responsible for the myth developed around the best weapons ever created, the formidable Katanas, had fatal consequences on their stability, which had to be improved in 1935-37 by a strengthening of the hull, which increased their tonnage at full load to 2390 tons, and consequently their speed to 34 knots. During the war, they added to their 25 mm pieces, 8 others, including two carriages instead of their rear turret, suppressed in 1943. Review of the Royal Navy Destroyer fleet at the outbreak of WW2 [33], All of the class were lost during the war. The Imperial Japanese Navy fielded fine, high speed, long-range destroyers during the Second World War. [8], The twenty Yūgumo class (夕雲, "Evening Clouds") were commissioned between September 1941 and May 1944. First Phase Akikaze (秋風, Autumn Wind) was a Minekaze-class destroyer, built for the Imperial Japanese Navy immediately following the end of World War I.The Minekaze class of destroyers were considered advanced for their time; these ships served as first-line destroyers through the 1930s. Both Allied flotillas withdrew. In addition, five ships were severely damaged (in two instances, the bows were lost) in a typhoon and another five had lesser damage to their hulls. Naval treaties were later abrogated in 1937 and so destroyer development continued without regard to limits. The Shimakaze was launched in July 1942 and put into service in May 1943. The first, the Akitsuki was launched in July 1941: It was completed much later and was not operational at Pearl Harbor. Their original characteristics were 1445 tons at full load for 37.2 knots, 4 pieces of 120, 6 TLTs in two benches, two AA machine guns and 150 DC. The new engines suffered damage to the turbine blades, a problem not solved until 1943. Type A, with 40° elevation were superseded by Type B with 75° elevation, but neither were satisfactory as anti-aircraft mountings. A total of 144 destroyers was deemed to be necessary. This first of two part study of Imperial Japanese Destroyers was long overdue and much needed for any student of the WWII IJN Destroyer As with most Osprey books this edition contains a lot of useful information in a small package. The 21 second class destroyers of the Momi class (1919-1922), were not all in service in 1941: The Momi was damaged during a typhoon and its wreckage abandoned in 1932, and the Warabi disappeared with his crew in 1927. The prewar models were rather small, high seas TBs, while from 1917, Japan launched in a frenzy dozens of large oceanic destroye… of their day. The Yarrow shipyards, builder of the parts for the Kotaka, "considered Japan to have effectively invented the destroyer". List of Japanese Navy ships and war vessels in World War II Aircraft carrier. Minesweeping and minelaying capabilities were replaced by depth charge launchers. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. Five survived the war and were scrapped soon after. [7], The London Naval Treaty added more restrictions to ship design and displacements were temporarily reduced (Hatsuharu- and Shiratsuyu-classes) until Japan withdrew from the naval treaties. Their rapid fire, 90° elevation and excellent AA fire control system provided an effective dual purpose weapon to the Imperial Japanese Navy for the first time. This is Part 2 of the Japanese Tank Destroyer Series, dealing with the concepts and prototypes of thinly armored tank destroyers developed by the Japanese. Japanese destroyers of World War II included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦, kuchikukan) of their day. The Kaya was decommissioned and sold to scrap dealers in 1939, as was the Nashi. There were small, 960 ton, 16 knot ships for convoy escort. The larger hulls allowed 15 torpedo tubes in three quintuple mounts. During WW2, Japanese destroyer captains would dump the torpedoes overboard when threatened with air attacks. The Yakaze became a target ship in 1937, partially disarmed. In this article will be exposed all the destroyer types used by the IJN (Imperial Japanese Navy) during the second world war. Armament consisted of three 4.7 in (120 mm) guns (one replaced by two triple 25mm weapons in 1941–1942) and four 21 in (53 cm) torpedo tubes. MODERN FLEETS. Anxious to challenge its third place in the concerts of the great maritime powers with the stated ambition to eventually dominate the entire eastern sphere, Japan designed a type of ship radically different from the former class destroyers, including the Mutsuki. Experimental Type 5 47 mm SPG Ho-Ru. Maximum speed 35.5 knots Armament 3 x 120mm guns, 8 x 25mm AA, 16 DC, 2L, 4 TLT 533mm (2 × 2) guns Crew 180. The following image illustrates all post-WWII Japanese classes of destroyers (DD), guided missile destroyers (DDG), helicopter destroyers (DDH), helicopter destroyers/light aircraft carriers (DDH/CVL) and destroyer escorts (DE) in their final configuration. The semi-automated turrets were heavy and spread towards the center of the ship, as for a cruiser. Effective against aircraft up to 100 kilometres and against ships up to 20 kilometres (12 mi). World of Warships Blitz features an alternative branch of Japanese destroyers and a new hybrid ship Ise: part battleship, part aircraft carrier. [36], Fourteen Tachibana class (橘, "Tachibana orange") ships were commissioned between January and June 1945. Exploiting their superior radar, the Americans were able to make a torpedo attack before being detected. [8], The class, of which Shimakaze was the prototype, was not ordered. All the destroyer classes are depicted chronologically by date of commissioning. [32] Ships of this class commissioned in March 1942 and later were the first Japanese destroyers to be completed with radar (Types 13 and 22). Image shows assembled and painted kit. The anti-aircraft weaponry was improved during 1943–44, completed ships had one 5 inch turret removed to allow room for additional 25 millimetre weapons, but incomplete ones had extra space built in and retained all six 5 inch guns. They were continuation of the earlier Kagerō class, with some changes. The Shimakaze was conceived in 1940 as the prototype of a new “special type”, which would once again be a new unsurpassed standard in speed and firepower, a “super-Fubuki” to be followed by a class of 16 units. Subsequent development from one destroyer class to the next was not, however, a smooth progression. Surrendered August 1945. The Japanese Navy was a well-comprised war machine - balanced out by her strong collection of submarines, aircraft carriers, and powerful battleships. Originally, their displacement was 1,400 tons, but their hull was strengthened. Scrapped 1946, Surrendered August 1945. The 17 others were partially converted into patrol boats in 1940 (for 9 of them) or fast tankers on the same date (5 others), with a single boiler, speed of 18 knots; and the last three were kept in their first role. The quality of a ship class depends very much on what it is supposed to be doing on a given assignment. Japanese World War II destroyers included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦, kuchikukan?) Their hull was reinforced, and they gained a DCA of 6 guns of 25 mm AA and 60 grenades ASM. Type "B" (75° maximum elevation) (classes: Type "C" (55° maximum elevation) (classes: Type "D" (75° maximum elevation) (classes. There are a total of [ 10 ] WW2 Japanese Battleships (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. Maximum speed 34 knots Armament 4 guns of 120, 10 guns of 25 AA, 36 DC, 4 LC, 6 TLT 610 mm (2 × 3) Crew 150. The others survived until 1944, and were victims of the overwhelming American air domination. What prompted me to write this post was the Mogador class contre-torpilleurs. They were developed from the Kamikaze class and introduced the new 24 in (60 cm) Type 93 torpedo. The heavier gun mountings and the extra super-firing mounting required a significantly larger hull than the Yūgumos to ensure stability. Ten buildings were built, the last one entering service in 1938. The Type 93 torpedo had proved itself and was installed in this and all subsequent classes. [3], The Japanese produced some unusual and advanced features. She was sunk in the Philippines in November, 1944. See more ideas about Imperial japanese navy, Wwii, Warship. BY TYPE . WARABI sinks with 92 sailors lost. Feasts and modifications were made and they were fully operational in December 1941. IJN destroyers almost universally had one or two. Improved design meant they produced comparable power with just three boilers, rather than four. They were derived from the preceding Fubuki design. There were some survivors among those who were not torpedoed by submersibles: The Tomaruira No. Harasame-asakase.jpg 800 × 262; 120 KB. Mined 8 October 1945. Further technical developments were prototyped in Shimakaze, but the design was not continued. In December 1941, the IJN aligned arguably one of the most impressive force of destroyers of any navy, in quantity as well as in quality. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. [32], The sixteen Akizuki class (秋月, "Autumn Moon") were commissioned between June 1942 and January 1945. [5] To increase comfort, the forecastle was raised and the bridge enlarged and enclosed,[6] to offer protection against weather in the Pacific. In order to achieve a long-ranged fleet, capable of operating far from home waters and bases, treaty limitations were disregarded. He became Tan Yang under this flag in 1947, and served until the 1970s. Their shallow draft allowed their inshore use in China and the Philippines. [24], All Mutsuki class ships were lost during the war. A further 32 planned ships to improved designs (Arashikaru and Yamatsuki groups) were cancelled due to raw material shortages. Maximum speed 34 knots Armament 4 guns of 120, 14 guns of 25 AA, 4 x 13.2 mm AA, 36 DC, 4 DCT, 9 x 610 mm TTs (3 × 3) Crew 221. I do not mean to be discourteous or rude, but there is a lot of corrections that could be made in the english text. [28], These ships saw service throughout the Pacific, from the Aleutians to the Solomon Islands. They were sunk in operation, except 5, including the Namikaze who continued his career under the Chinese flag. [36], Eleven additional ships were cancelled and replaced by a greater number of Tachibanas. Their final heavy destroyers were the 16 units of the Akitzuki class, ordered as part of the 1939 and 1941 building programs. [21] Despite this, the Hatsuharus retained all but one of the Special Types' 5 inch guns and introduced the oxygen-powered version of the 24 inch torpedo. These 18 ships were of the general opinion, the most successful of the Japanese destroyers. Japanese destroyers of World War II included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦 kuchikukan?) On 25/26 November 1943, six Japanese destroyers successfully delivered reinforcements to Buka Island at the northern end of the Solomon Islands. I’m SEO-oriented at this stage, subtitled it’s made for bots. Specifications Displacement 1,530 t. standard -1 650 t. Full Load Dimensions 100 m long, 9.1 m wide, 3.1 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 boilers, 19,000 hp. Stability was sustained by an increase in the beam. The Akitsuki class obeyed a 1939 directive calling for antiaircraft escorts for carrier groups. Japan continued to attribute considerable prestige to battleships (戦艦 Senkan) and endeavoured to build the largest and most powerful ships of the period. Depends very much on what it is supposed to be doing on a given assignment problems and eventually commissioned Shiratsuyus... [ 1 ], the Fubuki in 1926 need for replacements arose from the London Treaty to! 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